The preservation of the biblical text has been an important work from generation to generation. Long before the invention of the printing press, scribes invested extraordinary hours in the meticulous copying of manuscripts. Many beautiful illustrated Bibles were transcribed by the monks of the Middle Ages. Known as ‘illuminated manuscripts’, they feature pages with decorative letters, patterned borders and miniature illustrations. Among the most famous of these is the Book of Kells, containing the four Gospels, created in a Columban monastery in Ireland around 800 CE.