The Rosary is a prayer permeated by Scripture. St John Paul II called it ‘a compendium of the Gospel.’ During the Rosary we meditate on key passages in the New Testament (listed at right).
The Rosary is also a form of intercessory prayer in which we ask Mary, mother of Jesus, to pray with us. With her, we remember (in the biblical sense) our sacred story. While developed in the West, the Rosary’s quiet, meditative rhythm in some sense corresponds to the ‘prayer of the heart’ or ‘Jesus Prayer’ of the Christian East.
The most well-known prayers of the Rosary have a clear biblical basis:
- Our Father – The prayer taught by Jesus (Mt 6:9-13; Lk 11:2-4)
- Hail Mary – The words of the Angel Gabriel and Mary’s response (Lk 1:28, 42)
- Glory Be – A hymn of praise to the Trinity (Cf. Romans 16:27)
See more: Rosarium Virginis Mariae, Apostolic Letter of Pope John Paul II (2002)